Grammar Review

"Nothing has a better effect upon children than praise."   
                                                        ~Sir P. Sydney

Language/Grammar Review of Some Topics Covered This Year
(Websites are at the bottom of the page)

1.  Story Elements- Setting -where and when the story takes place, Characters-who the story is about, Plot-what happens to the characters in the setting (often a problem to solve).

2.  Folktale-fictional stories passed down for generations before being written down. No known author.

3. Fable-fictional stories (usually fantasy) with a lesson (moral) to learn at the end.  Often the main characters are animals.

4.  Non-Fiction-factual information, ex.: biography, personal experience, news stories, textbooks, encyclopedias, content books, etc.

5.  Fiction-any story that did not happen (I took my pet dog for a walk).

6.  Fantasy-fictional stories that could NEVER happen (My pet dog can fly.)

7.  Poetry-usually shorter than prose with rich sensory language   that creates a mental and/or emotional image.

8.  Figurative Language-language that has meaning apart from the    literal meaning of the words.

9.  Simile-  compares two things using like or as(a form of figurative language)

10. Metaphor- compares two things without using like or as (a form of figurative language)

11. Prefixes- added to the beginning of a word to change its meaning. Ex:re (do again) rewrap; un (not) unhappy; dis (not or undo) dislike,disappear.

12. Suffixes-added to the end of a word to change its meaning. Ex: ful (full of) hopeful, ly (in a certain manner) sadly, y (full of) rocky,less (lack of) thoughtless.

Antonyms-words that have opposite meanings. Ex: hot-cold, difficult-easy.

14. Synonyms- words that have similar meanings. Ex:  glad-happy, skinny-thin.

15. Homophones-words that sound the same but have different meanings anddifferent spellings.

16. Noun- person, place, or thing. Proper Nouns-names of special people, places, things, products, etc. (Must be capitalized). Plural Nouns-nouns that represent more than one thing. Possessive Nouns-shows ownership/uses 's or s'. Pronouns-words used to replace nouns like he, she, it, they, we, etc.

17. Verb-  action word, helping verb (to be), linking verb (to be, to have)

18. Adjective- descriptive word (size, color, number, appearance, etc.)

19. Adverb- describes verbs or adjectives. Ex: fast, quickly, slowly,ferociously, very, brightly

20. Subject- the part of the sentence that tells who or what thesentence is about

21. Predicate- the part of the sentence that tells what the subjectdoes, has, or thinks

22. Compound Word- two words combined to create a new word.

23. Contraction- two words combined with one or more letters removed andreplaced with an apostrophe

24. Possessive- ownership-usually expressed with an 's: dog's collar,baby's bottle

25. Plural-more than one person, place or thing

26. Comma- used to separate things in a list, in dialogue, to separatephrases

27. Quotation Marks-Used to mark dialogue and titles--Ex. John said,"Please, pass the peas."

Grammar Practice Sites

Plural Words

Nouns and Verbs

2BEE or Nottoobee (pick the correct verb)

Word Confusion

Root Words

Spell Check (identify words that are spelled wrong)

Spell a Roo – Find the word spelled wrong

Coconut Vowels

Antonyms, Synonyms and Homonyms

Parts of Speech

Double Vowels

Verb Viper

Panda Parts of Speech

Base Word Baseball

Popcorn Words- sight word practice

Syllable Split

Magic “e”

My Reading Tools- help find the buried treasure using tools you have learned for reading