"Nothing has a better effect upon children than praise."
~Sir P. Sydney
Language/Grammar Review of Some Topics Covered This Year
(Websites are at the bottom of the page)
1. Story Elements- Setting -where and when the story takes place, Characters-who the story is about, Plot-what happens to the characters in the setting (often a problem to solve).
Grammar Practice Sites
2. Folktale-fictional stories passed down for generations before being written down. No known author.
3. Fable-fictional stories (usually fantasy) with a lesson (moral) to learn at the end. Often the main characters are animals.
4. Non-Fiction-factual information, ex.: biography, personal experience, news stories, textbooks, encyclopedias, content books, etc.
5. Fiction-any story that did not happen (I took my pet dog for a walk).
6. Fantasy-fictional stories that could NEVER happen (My pet dog can fly.)
7. Poetry-usually shorter than prose with rich sensory language that creates a mental and/or emotional image.
8. Figurative Language-language that has meaning apart from the literal meaning of the words.
9. Simile- compares two things using like or as(a form of figurative language)
10. Metaphor- compares two things without using like or as (a form of figurative language)
11. Prefixes- added to the beginning of a word to change its meaning. Ex:re (do again) rewrap; un (not) unhappy; dis (not or undo) dislike,disappear.
12. Suffixes-added to the end of a word to change its meaning. Ex: ful (full of) hopeful, ly (in a certain manner) sadly, y (full of) rocky,less (lack of) thoughtless.
13. Antonyms-words that have opposite meanings. Ex: hot-cold, difficult-easy.
14. Synonyms- words that have similar meanings. Ex: glad-happy, skinny-thin.
15. Homophones-words that sound the same but have different meanings anddifferent spellings.
16. Noun- person, place, or thing. Proper Nouns-names of special people, places, things, products, etc. (Must be capitalized). Plural Nouns-nouns that represent more than one thing. Possessive Nouns-shows ownership/uses 's or s'. Pronouns-words used to replace nouns like he, she, it, they, we, etc.
17. Verb- action word, helping verb (to be), linking verb (to be, to have)
18. Adjective- descriptive word (size, color, number, appearance, etc.)
19. Adverb- describes verbs or adjectives. Ex: fast, quickly, slowly,ferociously, very, brightly
20. Subject- the part of the sentence that tells who or what thesentence is about
21. Predicate- the part of the sentence that tells what the subjectdoes, has, or thinks
22. Compound Word- two words combined to create a new word.
23. Contraction- two words combined with one or more letters removed andreplaced with an apostrophe
24. Possessive- ownership-usually expressed with an 's: dog's collar,baby's bottle
25. Plural-more than one person, place or thing
26. Comma- used to separate things in a list, in dialogue, to separatephrases
27. Quotation Marks-Used to mark dialogue and titles--Ex. John said,"Please, pass the peas."
Nouns and Verbs
2BEE or Nottoobee (pick the correct verb)
Spell Check (identify words that are spelled wrong)
Spell a Roo – Find the word spelled wrong
Antonyms, Synonyms and Homonyms
Parts of Speech
Panda Parts of Speech
Base Word Baseball
Popcorn Words- sight word practice
My Reading Tools- help find the buried treasure using tools you have learned for reading